Fungicidal formulation based on essential oils of Cymbopogon citratus, Lippia multiflora and natural clay in controlling sorghum seed-borne fungi

Fungicidal formulation base on essential oil and natural clay in controlling seed borne fungi

Authors

  • Schémaéza BONZI Université Nazi BONI
  • Komivi DOSSA Université Nazi BONI
  • Younoussa MILLOGO Université Nazi BONI
  • Irénée SOMDA Université Nazi BONI
  • B. SORGHO

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53555/ephaer.v5i5.1283

Keywords:

Essential oils, swelling clayey material, seed-borne fungi, seed treatment, sorghum

Abstract

The fungicidal properties of formulation based on essential oils of Cymbopogon citratus, Lippia multiflora and swelling clayey powder containing montmorillonite (26 wt.%), illite (21 wt.%), kaolinite (7 wt.%), orthoclase (20 wt.%), quartz (15 wt.%), goethite (2 wt.%) and hematite (4 wt.%) with specific surface area of  34.68 m2/g have been tested against sorghum seed-borne fungi, on two varieties (Framida and Kapelga). Aromatized powders were applied at 100 g and 800 g for 5 kg of seeds and the infection levels were evaluated after 7 days of incubation compared with untreated seeds and seeds treated with synthetic fungicide. The aromatized powders exhibited moderate to strong antifungal activity against the fungi Fusarium moniliforme and Phoma sorghina in both varieties. The mass formulation of 800 g for 5 kg of seeds showed the best antifungal activity. Clay-C. citratus oil  formulation was the most potent as compared to the synthetic fungicide in the two varieties. It reduced P. sorghina infection by 87.50% and 92.85% in Framida and Kapelga respectively. F. moniliforme infection was reduced by 40.74% and 74.15% respectively in Kapelga and Framida. The findings suggest that formulation based on essential oils adsorbed on swelling clayey material can be considered as alternative to synthetic fungicide for use in controlling sorghum seed-borne fungi.

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Author Biographies

Schémaéza BONZI, Université Nazi BONI

Laboratoire des Systèmes Naturels, Agro systèmes de l’Ingénierie de l’Environnement,
Institut du Développement Rural, Université Nazi BONI, 01 P.O. Box 1091 Bobo-Dioulasso
01, Burkina Faso

Komivi DOSSA, Université Nazi BONI

1Laboratoire des Systèmes Naturels, Agro systèmes de l’Ingénierie de l’Environnement,
Institut du Développement Rural, Université Nazi BONI, 01 P.O. Box 1091 Bobo-Dioulasso
01, Burkina Faso

2Regional Research Centre for Crop Improvement in Adaptation to Drought 01, P.O. Box
3320 Thiès Escale, Senegal

Younoussa MILLOGO, Université Nazi BONI

3Laboratoire de Chimie et Energies Renouvelables, Unité de Formation et de Recherche en
Sciences et Techniques, Université Nazi BONI, 01 P.O. Box 1091 Bobo-Dioulasso 01,
Burkina Faso

4Laboratoire de Chimie Moléculaire et des Matériaux (LCMM), UFR/ Sciences Exactes et
Appliquées, Université Ouaga 1 Joseph KY ZERBO, 03 B.P. 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina
Faso

Irénée SOMDA, Université Nazi BONI

Laboratoire des Systèmes Naturels, Agro systèmes de l’Ingénierie de l’Environnement,
Institut du Développement Rural, Université Nazi BONI, 01 P.O. Box 1091 Bobo-Dioulasso
01, Burkina Faso

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Published

2019-05-19

How to Cite

BONZI, S., DOSSA, K., MILLOGO, Y., SOMDA, I., & B. SORGHO. (2019). Fungicidal formulation based on essential oils of Cymbopogon citratus, Lippia multiflora and natural clay in controlling sorghum seed-borne fungi: Fungicidal formulation base on essential oil and natural clay in controlling seed borne fungi. EPH - International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research, 5(5), 40–54. https://doi.org/10.53555/ephaer.v5i5.1283